South Dakota East River Hay Market
Sioux Falls, SD    Fri Ju1 12, 2019    USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News

South Dakota Weekly Hay Summary 
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.

   Compared to two weeks ago:  Alfalfa and grass hay 15.00 to 20.00
lower.  Moderate demand for lower quality hay, as supplies more
plentiful than the high quality hay.  Good demand for high quality
alfalfa, alfalfa/grass mix, and straight grass hay.  Persistent rains,
heavy at times, along with high dew points has made it difficult in
East River to put up high quality, dry hay.  West River hay producers
are busy haying and have also had to work around the rains.  Carryover
supplies of old crop hay were limited this year which really ramped up
demand, and now when combined with the late spring and very wet weather
that delayed hay cutting really pushed the demand for hay much higher
than what would be normally seen for this time of year.  Now, however,
hay growers have been able to put up some new crop hay and now there is
a more readily available supply on hand.  Quality remains the issue
though as every week has brought rain.  All hay and straw sold by the ton
FOB, unless otherwise noted.

East River:
   Alfalfa:  Supreme:  Large Squares, 220.00.   Premium:  Large Squares,
200.00-225.00.  Good:  Large Rounds, 150.00.  Utility:  Large Rounds,

   Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets:  15 pct 245.00; 17 pct 250.00.  Alfalfa
Meal: 17 pct 255.00.

   Grass:  Fair:  Large Rounds, 100.00.

   Wheat Hay:  Large Rounds, 120.00.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Squares, 200.00.

  West River:
   Alfalfa:  No Reported Sales.

   Grass:  No Reported Sales.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  No Reported Sales.

   Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct

Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

  RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.  End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results. 

  Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
         Justin Lumpkin, Officer in Charge 605-372-8350 

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