Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
Torrington, WY    Thu Nov 08, 2018    USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending November 09, 2018

   Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady.  Buyer inquiry 
and demand picking up as colder weather and snow in some places has made 
producers realize that ole man winter is just around the corner and they 
better start stockpiling some winter feed. Cooler than normal temps in most 
of the state but seasonal warm up in the near future. Some reports of sugar 
beets left to harvest along with corn. All prices are dollars per ton FOB 
the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 200.00; Good large squares 140.00-150.00; 
fair larges 125.00-130.00.  Alfalfa/Grass: Premium large squares 210.00, 
85.00 per bale.  Oat hay in large squares 125.00.
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-170.00; Fair large squares 130.00-140.00. 
Premium small squares 200.00-225.00. Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: Premium large 
squares 150.00-190.00; Premium small squares 220.00. Orchard grass mix: Good 
large squares 140.00; Premium small squares 200.00-225.00. Certified weed 
seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, bagged 280.00.

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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