Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Oct 11, 2018    USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending October 12, 2018

   Compared to last week all reported forages sold fully steady. Demand 
was good with a lot of hay getting shipped from the western side of the 
state. Most of the hay is going to out of state buyers with some going to 
local cattlemen for winter feeding needs. Demand on hay cubes has been 
very good for bulk and bagged product. Good demand for sun cured pellets. 
Some rain and snow in some areas of the state the last seven days. Cold 
temperatures in some areas getting down to the mid to low 20�s. Some 
producers finishing up on second cutting of hay as other are on third and 
some have washed and put all of their hay equipment away. All prices are 
dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 175.00-193.00. Good large squares 150.00; 
delivered at 160.00. Alfalfa/Grass: Premium large squares 185.00-200.00 
and 85.00 per bale; Good large squares 140.00-150.00. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 245.00.  
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 180.00, Good large squares 150.00-165.00; 
Fair large squares 130.00-140.00. Premium small squares 200.00; Good 
small squares 160.00-165.00. Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: Premium large squares 
150.00-190.00. Premium small squares 220.00. Timothy: Premium small 
squares 200.00.  Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 230.00-
240.00, bagged 280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC Reporter (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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