Texas Hay Report
AM_GR310        
Amarillo, TX       Fri, Apr 21, 2017    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

  Compared to last report:  Most hay classes traded steady.  Instances of 
5.00 lower on the top end of the Alfalfa which was mainly due to limited 
sales as buyers and producers prepare for new crop.  Movement was slow 
with pastures in good shape for livestock and no supplemental feeding was 
needed.  Producers were busy in their fields cutting new crop and 
anticipate new crop prices to become established in the next several 
weeks as contracts are already in conversation. Prices for hay and 
pellets quoted per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
877-429-1998. The website for the hotline is: 
www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline

Panhandle/High Plains:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 160.00-195.00;
	      Good to Premium 135.00-160.00.
   		Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 297.00, 9.00 per 
		bale.
   Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 135.00-145.00. Calf 140.00-
		150.00.  Brown 110.00-115.00.        
   Coastal Bermuda: Large Rounds: Delivered: Good to Premium 180.00.
   Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 125.00. 
   BlueStem: Large Bales: Delivered: 60.00; 30.00 per bale.
   Oat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 80.00; 40.00 per bale.
         
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB or Delivered local: Premium to Supreme 
		250.00-330.00, 7.50-10.00 per bale. 
   		Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 190.00-225.00.
		Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 150.00-160.00.

North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 195.00-210.00; 
		Good to Premium 160.00-195.00. 
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00, 
		7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 
		per bale.
   		Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 80.00-100.00, 40.00-50.00 
		per bale.
       
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00, 
		7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per 
		bale. 
 		 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
		80.00-100.00; 40.00-50.00 per roll; Fair to Good 40.00-80.00, 
		20.00-40.00 per roll.   
   Coastal Bermuda Grass Mix: Large Rounds: FOB: 30.00 to 35.00 per roll.    

   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto/Kristin Banks, Market Reporter 806-356-5785 
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AM_GR310.txt
         
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